During the British Raj, most of what is presently Telangana was under the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad as part of the princely state of Hyderabad (Medak andWarangal Divisions). Hyderabad joined the Union of India in 1948. In 1956, the Hyderabad state was dissolved in the wake of linguistic re organization of states, Hyderabad’s Telugu speaking area, known as Telangana, was merged with former Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
Telangana’s economy is mainly agricultural.
Two of the country’s most important rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna, flow through the state, providing necessary irrigation. Rain-fed water sources supply the major part of irrigation in Telangana. Apart from rice, the major food crop, other important crops grown in Telangana are cotton, sugar-cane, mango and tobacco.
The power requirement of the State of Telangana is met mostly by its Hydro and Thermal power plants
Interstate Highways, railways and airways connect Telangana with its neighboring states. However, being a landlocked state, Telangana doesn’t have seaports.
The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) is the state’s major public transport corporation that takes care of intercity and village transport within the state. The Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station (M.G.B.S) in Hyderabad is one of Asia’s largest bus terminuses.
The Railway History of Telangana dates back to 1874; i.e. to the Nizami era. Today, Secunderabad and Hyderabad are the main divisions of South Central Railway that fall in the state. The Secunderabad railway station is one of the busiest railway junctions in India. The landmark building Rail Nilayam in Secunderabad serves as the Zonal Headquarter of South Central Railway, founded in 1966.
The largest airport in Telangana is the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad. It serves the city of Hyderabad and is one of the busiest airports in India. The Government has plans of upgrading the Warangal Airport, the Nizamabad Airport and the Ramagundam Airport in the near future. Warangal also has a domestic airport in Mamunooru, established in the year 1930 during the rule of the Nizam. Exports and imports of Azam Jahi Mills, Warangal were done via the Warangal Airport.
The culture of modern Telangana walks hand in hand with the greater “Deccani-Tehzeeb” and reflects an amicable cohabitation of indigenous South- Indian traditions and the Perso-Arabic customs that were popularized during the Moghul, the Qutub Shahi and the Nizami eras.
Telangana’s classical music draws from a rich tradition. Indigenous painting styles of the region and various folk arts such as Burra katha, shadow puppet show, and Perini Shiva Tandavam, Gusadi Dance, Kolatam also enrich the cultural tapestry.
There are multiple universities and other higher education institutes in Telangana, and numerous primary and secondary schools run both privately and by the Government. All matters relating to education at various levels in the State of Telangana is dealt with by the State Department of Higher Education.
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